History of Ambala



The Ambala Cantonment was established in 1843 after the British abandaned its cantonment at Saphera,Following the malaria epidamic of 1841-42. The cantonment house the '2 corps' one of the three strike corps of the Indian Army. Ambala was given the status of a district in 1847, formed by the marging the jagir estates of hitherto independent chieftains whose territories had lapsed or had been confiscated by the British Indian Government. In its 160 years of experience as a district,Ambala has witnessed many changes in its boundries. Its boundries previously extended across Tehsils of Ambala,Saphra,Jagadhri,Pipli,Kharar,Mohali,Ropar and Nalagarh.Kalka -cum-Kurari state,Pinjore,Manimajra,kasauli & Sanawar were also merged into the district at different points of time.


Ambala Air Force Base is one of the oldest and largest airbases that were inherited from the British by the IAF.It was from this airbase that spitfires and Harvards flown by Instructirs of the Advanced Flying Training Schools took part in the 1947-48 Kashmir Operations.Subsequently,Ambala was the front line airfield for many years. It was home to varius aircraft that were inducted into the Indian Air Bombers.Today ,the Airbase houses the '7 Wing' with squadrons of jagurrs and MiG-21 Bisons.

Demographics

As of 2011 Indian census,Ambala had a population of 11,36,784 constitutes 6,40,044 of males that population and 5,32,740 females.Ambala has an average litracy rate of 82.5% of the males and 76.6% of females literals. 11% of the population is under 6 year age.

Industry

Ambala is known as city of scientific instruments .It is a major scientific products market and is a hub for products like glass apparatus,microscope laboratory equipment etc.Ambala constitutes nearly 34% of the total production of scientific instruments produced in India.Ambala is also famous for its clothes market,which draws shoppers from surrounding reas. The market possesses a wide range of custom-made clothes for men and women.



The Ambala contonment railway station was founded on the junction of the Delhi-Kalka and Ludhyana-Saharanpur lines.The historic Delhi -Ambala -Kalka railway line dates back to 1889 while the Ludhiana -Saharanpur line was built in 1870. situated 200 km north of Delhi, this town is well connected by the rail and road network.